Knee pain can have many causes, since the knee joint is often subject to all sorts of injuries and illnesses. The most common injuries to the knee joint include meniscus damage and torn ligaments. These types of injury often lead to abnormalities. Diseases of the knee joint are usually accompanied by pain, swelling, swelling and stiffness in the joint. In this article we will talk about Knee Injuries in Older Adults. What are the most common injuries?
Deforming Knee Injuries?
This condition is known as knee osteoarthritis, gonarthritis, knee defarthritis, and deforming knee osteoarthritis. There are many names for the disease, but they all have one thing in common: the gradual destruction of cartilage in the knee. This is usually the result of age-related changes: over the years, almost all tissues in the body, including cartilage, wear out. It loses its former elasticity and resilience, and the stresses to which it is subjected become unsupportable. This is why older people often suffer from knee joint damage.
Tearing of knee ligaments
Damage to the ligament apparatus of the knee joint is a fairly common occurrence, both at home and in sport. No wonder, as it is easy to get this injury: it is enough to take a step, train unsuccessfully in the gym, sharply pick up something heavy, to bump. The risk of this injury is higher in older people.
Why is the risk of fracture higher in older people?
The first and main factor is the fragility of bones due to slower metabolic processes in the body, lack of calcium and reduced regenerative function – the ability to repair damage naturally. One in five men and one in three women in their fifties suffer from osteoporosis – a decrease in bone density. Any careless movement with this disease can provoke a fracture.
Frequent falls are another serious cause of limb fractures in old age. Reduced vision and hearing, dizziness, weakness, cramps and sudden pressure spikes make older people easily lose their balance and fall even when standing on level ground. Moreover, the nature of falls changes with age: while younger people fall forward or backward, older people fall on their sides and rest their arms and hands. Consequently, fractures of the femoral neck, shoulder, vertebrae and wrist occur more frequently. Add to this the chronic diseases that last for years and noticeably undermine the body’s ability to heal quickly.